Geology Degree Facts
A Geology degree is a 4-year Bachelor of Science program for those who have completed their undergraduate in Geology. Geology for some may mean just the study of rocks, and many do not realize the extent of how geology has affected our lives. For example, we need petroleum products for our cars. We need coal for our power plants, and uranium for our nuclear generators. Petroleum, coal, and uranium—you wouldn’t be able to find these things without geologists. Geology is also responsible for the copper that’s used to make wires, the concrete we use to build houses and buildings, and glass for our windows. The roads we drive and walk on are made from geologic resources.
As a Geology major, you will have to specialize at some point. You may want to focus on ground water or on the waters of the oceans. You may want to study different types of rocks, or you can concentrate on the oil and gas industry.
What Can You Do with a Geology Degree?
Essentially, you become a researcher. But your research will be very relevant to the environment, the economy, or both.
- Many geologists today participate in the hunt for mineral and energy resources. You can use your special knowledge of earth and the processes that happen on and under the surface to find things like petroleum, diamonds, gold, coal copper, silver, and many other minerals. You can also assist in the efforts to extract these resources.
- You can work to help protect the environment. This can be in non-profit or government organizations, or in private companies who profess green ideals or who would like to reduce the harm they cause to the environment. You can find safe locations for power plants and dams, and identify spots for waste disposal sites. You can also help find groundwater for growing communities and industries. In addition, you can also inspect cases of water population and suggest ways of cleaning it as well as preventing it in the future.
- Geologists can also work to help make predictions regarding earthquakes and even volcanic eruptions. As a geologist, you can also work with public officials and civil defense planners to help create contingency plans for such disasters. You can even work with construction companies to help establish earthquake-resistant structures and buildings.
- You can work with paleontologists looking for dinosaur fossils and archeologists searching for old civilizations. These things are usually buried under layers of rock. You can even work with police officials looking for buried bodies.
In short, you can work in government institutions, universities, non-profit organizations, and private companies.
What are the Best Schools to Get a Geology Degree?
The following schools offer highly regarded professors, excellent research facilities, and a wide variety of resources for Geology undergraduates:
- University of Michigan – Ann Arbor
- University of Arizona
- University of Texas – Austin
- Pennsylvania State University
- Stanford University
- California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- University of Wisconsin – Madison
- University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
- Harvard University
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